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Athlete Agents

Athlete agents are governed by Chapter 2051 of the Texas Occupations Code and the secretary of state’s administrative rules found in Title 1, Chapter 78 of the Texas Administrative Code. Before an agent may recruit or solicit an athlete to enter into an agent contract, a financial services contract, or a professional sports services contract, an agent must obtain a certificate of registration from the secretary of state.

“Athlete” means an individual who:

  1. is eligible to participate in intercollegiate sports contests as a member of a sports team or as an individual competitor in a sport at an institution of higher education; or
  2. has participated as a member of an intercollegiate sports team or as an individual competitor in an intercollegiate sport at an institution of higher education and has never signed an employment contract with a professional sports team.

Institutions of Higher Education

Institutions of Higher Education (“schools”), as defined by the Section 61.003 Education Code, that are members of a national association for the promotion and regulation of intercollegiate athletics, have responsibilities under the Athlete Agent Act. For more detailed information, see the Institutions of Higher Education page.  

Each institution of higher education is required to designate a compliance coordinator and report the name of the compliance coordinator to the secretary of state. Please see the list of athletic compliance coordinators for Texas schools (PDF) on file with the secretary of state.

Types of Agent Registration

As of September 1, 2011, Texas has two types of athlete agents: professional and limited. Both of these are registrations held by individuals, not organizations.

Professional athlete agents must be certified by at least one national professional sports association, such as the National Football League Players Association, National Basketball Players Association, Major League Baseball Players Association, National Hockey League Players' Association, or United States Soccer Federation.

Limited athlete agents are not required to be certified by a national professional sports association, but may only represent an athlete in a sport that does not have a national professional sports association that certifies or licenses agents, such as golf or tennis.

Agent Responsibilities

First and foremost, an athlete agent is responsible for knowing the applicable law and being truthful and complete in all dealings as an athlete agent. Other responsibilities of Texas athlete agents include:


Violating Chapter 2051 or the administrative rules can result in serious penalties, including thousands of dollars in monetary fines, as well as subject an athlete agent to civil suit or conviction of a criminal offense. Violations include: