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Elections and Voter Information

Voter Information

Qualifications for Office

Candidate's Guide Quick Links
Public Office Sought in 2016
U.S. Citizen Texas
Resident
District
Resident
Registered to Vote in Area Elected From Age Practicing
Lawyer or Judge
Sourced Term of Office
United States Representative
7 yrs.
Yesa
not req'd
-
25
-
I § 2
2 yrs.
Railroad Commissioner
Yes
12 moc
-
Yesc
25h
-
§§ 81.01003,  81.01004
6 yrs.
Justice, Supreme Court
Yes
12 mo.c
-
Yesc
35b
10 yrs.b
V § 2
6 yrs.
Presiding Judge and Judge, Court of Criminal Appeals
Yes
12 mo.c
-
Yesc
35b
10 yrs.b
V § 4
6 yrs.
State Senator
Yes
5 yrs.b
12 mo.b
not req’di
26b
-
III § 6
4 yrs.
State Representative
Yes
2 yrs.b
12 mo.b
not req’di
21b
-
III § 7
2 yrs.
Member, State Board of Education
Yes
12 mo.b
12 mo.b
Yesc
26b
-
§ 7.103
4 yrs.
Chief Justice and Justice,
Court of Appeals
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
35b
10 yrs.b
V § 6
6 yrs.
District Judge
Yes
2 yrs.b
2 yrs.b
Yesc
25h
4 yrs.b
V § 7
§24.001
4 yrs.
Criminal District Judge
Yes
2 yrs.b
2 yrs.b
Yesc
25h
4 yrs.b
V § 7
§24.001
4 yrs.
District Attorneye
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
Yes
V §§ 21,
30
§ 41.001
4 yrs.
Judge, County Court-at-Lawe
Yes
2 yrs.e
6 mo.c, e
Yesc
25 e, h
4 yrs.e
V § 30
§25.0014
4 yrs.
Judge, County Criminal Courte
Yes
2 yrs.e
6 mo.c, e
Yesc
25e, h
4 yrs.e
V § 30
§25.0014
4 yrs.
Judge, County Probate Courte
Yes
2 yrs.e
6 mo.c, e
Yesc
25e, h
4 yrs.e
V § 30
§25.0014
4 yrs.
County Attorney
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
Yes
V § 21
§ 41.001
4 yrs.
Sheriff f
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
-
V § 23
85.0011
4 yrs.
Tax Assessor-Collector
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
-
VIII § 14
4 yrs.
County Commissioner
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
-
V § 18
4 yrs.
Constable g
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
-
V § 18  § 86.0021
4 yrs.
Justice of the Peace (Place 1)
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
Yesc
18h
-
V § 18
4 yrs.
  1. No duration specified.
  2. Before date of general election.
  3. As of December 14, 2015, if candidate for Democratic or Republican Party Nomination. As of the date of nomination, if other party nominee for statewide, multi-county district, single-county district, county or precinct office. As of June 23, 2016, if independent candidate. As of November 8, 2016, if declared write-in candidate.
  4. Citations refer to article and section number of the U.S. Const. for U.S. Senator and U.S. Rep.; section number of the Tex. Educ. Code for Member, State Board of Education; section number of the Tex. Nat. Res. Code for Railroad Commission; section number of the Tex. Gov’t Code for district judge, district and county attorney, and statutory county court; section number for Texas Loc. Gov’t Code for sheriff and constable; and article and section number of the Tex. Const. for all others. Also see § 141.001 of the Tex. Elec. Code.
  5. Statutory qualifications may vary; contact your local party chair or the Secretary of State.
  6. Additional qualifications for sheriff: must have a high school diploma or high school equivalency degree and be eligible to be licensed under sections 1701.309, 1701.312, and 1701.502 of the Texas Occupations Code.
  7. Additional qualifications for constable: must be either (1) eligible to be licensed under sections 1701.309, 1701.312, and 1701.502 of the Texas Occupations Code AND (a) has at least an associate’s degree, (b) is a special investigator under Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure, or (c) is an honorably retired peace officer or honorably retired federal criminal investigator who holds a certificate of proficiency issued under Section 1701.357, Texas Occupations Code OR (2) an active or inactive licensed peace officer under Chapter 1701 of the Texas Occupations Code.
  8. On first day of term to be filled at election. Note: A candidate might need to be age 18 at an earlier date than the first day of the term to be filled at election if the candidate is required to be a registered voter. See offices requiring voter registration.
  9. The offices of state senator and state representative must be qualified voters as defined by Tex. Const. Art. VI, Sec. 2.  This definition does not include voter registration for purposes of constitutional eligibility requirements for office.

Special Note 1: Please be advised that due to the removal of the staggering schedule from Article XVI, Section 65 of the Texas Constitution, there are various local offices which may have been created by your county commissioners court or the Texas Legislature but are not listed in this guide. For further information on filing for county offices not listed, please contact the county clerk’s/elections administrator’s office or the office of the Secretary of State.

Special Note 2: Please be advised that executive and judicial officers elected in a statewide election, state appellate and district judges, members of the State Board of Education, and district or criminal district attorneys (among others) are subject to the provisions of Chapter 572 of the Texas Government Code Ann., which relates to personal financial disclosure, standards of conduct, and conflicts of interest issues. For further information on the applicability and requirements of Chapter 572, candidates should contact the Texas Ethics Commission.