Don´t have a photo ID for voting? Election Identification Certificates are available from DPS offices and EIC mobile locations.
Election Outlook: Election Night Returns
Holiday Notice: The Office of the Texas Secretary of State will be closed from noon Wednesday, November 26, through Friday, November 28, in observance of the Thanksgiving Holiday. The office will resume normal operating hours of 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday, December 1. Electronic filing and searching via SOSDirect is available 24/7.
Elections and Voter Information

Voter Information

Qualifications for Office

(Amended to reflect Federal District Court Order of 3/1/2012)

Public Office Sought in 2012
U.S. Citizen Texas
Resident
District
Resident
Registered
to Vote
in Texas
Age Practicing
Lawyer or
Judge
Sourced Term of Office
United States Senator
9 yrs.
Yesa
-
-
30
-
I § 3
6 yrs.
United States Representative
7 yrs.
Yesa
not req'd
-
25
-
I § 2
2 yrs.
Railroad Commissioner
Yes
Yesa
-
Yesh
25h
-
§§ 81.01003,  81.01004
6 yrs.
Justice, Supreme Court
Yes
Yesa
-
-
35b
10 yrs.b
V § 2
6 yrs.
Presiding Judge and Judge, Court of Criminal Appeals
Yes
Yesa
-
-
35b
10 yrs. b
V § 4
6 yrs.
State Senator
Yes
5 yrs.b
12 mo.b
-
26b
-
III § 6
4 yrs.
State Representative
Yes
2 yrs.b
12 mo.b
-
21b
-
III § 7
2 yrs.
Member, State Board of Education
Yes
12 mo.b
12 mo.b
Yes
26b
-
§ 7.103
4 yrs.
Chief Justice and Justice,
Court of Appeals
Yes
Yesa
Yesa
-
35 b
10 yrs. b
V § 6
6 yrs.
District Judge
Yes
2 yrs.b
2 yrs.b
-
25h
4 yrs. b
V § 7
§24.001
4 yrs.
Criminal District Judge
Yes
2 yrs.b
2 yrs.b
-
25h
4 yrs. b
V § 7
§24.001
4 yrs.
District Attorney e
Yes
12 mo. c
6 mo. c
-
18h
Yes
V §§ 21,
30
§ 41.001
4 yrs.
Judge, County Court-at-Law e
Yes
2 yrs. e
Yes e
-
25 e, h
4 yrs. e
V § 30
§25.0014
4 yrs.
Judge, County Criminal Courte
Yes
2 yrs. e
Yes e
-
25 e, h
4 yrs. e
V § 30
§25.0014
4 yrs.
Judge, County Probate Courte
Yes
2 yrs.e
Yes e
-
25 e, h
4 yrs. e
V § 30
§25.0014
4 yrs.
County Attorney
Yes
12 mo. c
6 mo. c
-
18h
Yes
V § 21
§ 41.001
4 yrs.
Sheriff f
Yes
12 mo. c
6 mo. c
-
18h
-
V § 23
85.0011
4 yrs.
Tax Assessor-Collector
Yes
12 mo. c
6 mo. c
-
18h
-
VIII § 14
4 yrs.
County Commissioner
Yes
12 mo. c
6 mo. c
-
18h
-
V § 18
4 yrs.
Constable g
Yes
12 mo. c
6 mo. c
-
18h
-
V § 18  § 86.0021
4 yrs.
Justice of the Peace(Place 1)
Yes
12 mo.c
6 mo.c
-
18h
-
V § 18
4 yrs.
  1. No duration specified.
  2. Before date of general election.  With respect to candidates for state senator and state representative, under the federal district court order dated March 1, 2012, applicable only to the 2012 elections, a candidate must be a resident of the district the candidate seeks to represent from April 9, 2012 until the date of the General Election.
  3. In accordance with the federal district court order dated March 1, 2012, before March 9, 2012, if candidate for Democratic or Republican Party Nomination  Before March 17, 2012, if other party nominee for precinct, county, or single-county district office. Before March 24, 2012, if other party nominee for multi-county district office. Before June 29, 2012, if other party nominee for statewide office. Before June 29, 2012, if independent candidate. Before November 6, 2012, if declared write-in candidate.
  4. Citations refer to article and section number of the U.S. Const. for U.S. Senator and U.S. Rep.; section number of the Tex. Educ. Code for Member, State Board of Education; section number of the Tex. Nat. Res. Code for Railroad Commission; section number of the Tex. Gov’t Code for district judge, district and county attorney, and statutory county court; section number for Texas Loc. Gov’t Code for sheriff and constable; and article and section number of the Tex. Const. for all others.  Also see § 141.001 of the Tex. Elec. Code.
  5. Statutory qualifications may vary; contact your local party chair or the Secretary of State.
  6. Additional qualifications for sheriff: must have a high school diploma or high school equivalency degree and be eligible to be licensed under sections 1701.309, 1701.312, and 1701.502 of the Texas Occupations Code.
  7. Additional qualifications for constable: must be either (1) eligible to be licensed under sections 1701.309, 1701.312, and 1701.502 of the Texas Occupations Code AND (a) has at least an associate’s degree, (b) is a special investigator under Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure, or (c) is an honorably retired peace officer or honorably retired federal criminal investigator who holds a certificate of proficiency issued under Section 1701.357, Texas Occupations Code OR (2) an active or inactive licensed peace officer under Chapter 1701 of the Texas Occupations Code.
  8. On first day of term to be filled at election.

Special Note 1: Please be advised that due to the removal of the staggering schedule from Article XVI, Section 65 of the Texas Constitution, there are various local offices which may have been created by your county commissioners court or the Texas Legislature but are not listed in this guide.  For further information on filing for county offices not listed, please contact the county clerk’s/elections administrator’s office or the office of the Secretary of State.

Special Note 2: Please be advised that executive and judicial officers elected in a statewide election, state appellate and district judges, members of the State Board of Education, and district or criminal district attorneys (among others) are subject to the provisions of Chapter 572 of the Texas Government Code Ann., which relates to personal financial disclosure, standards of conduct, and conflicts of interest issues.  For further information on the applicability and requirements of Chapter 572, candidates should contact the Texas Ethics Commission.