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Elections and Voter Information

Voter Information

2012 Major Party Candidate Information

(Amended to reflect Federal District Court Order of 3/1/2012)

Candidate Eligibility

The general eligibility requirements to be a candidate for a public elective office in Texas are that a person must:  1) be a United States citizen;  2) be 18 years of age or older on the first day of the term to be filled at the election;  3) have not been determined totally mentally incapacitated or partially mentally incapacitated without the right to vote by a final judgment of a court exercising probate jurisdiction; 4) have not been finally convicted of a felony from which the person has not been pardoned or otherwise released from the resulting disabilities;  5) have resided continuously in the state for 12 months and in the territory from which the office is elected for six months immediately preceding a date which varies according to the candidate’s status; and 6) satisfy any other eligibility requirements prescribed by law for the office.  These requirements do not apply to an office for which the federal or state constitution or a statute outside the Texas Election Code prescribes exclusive eligibility requirements.  Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 141.001 (Vernon 2010).  Note that, under the federal district court order of March 1, 2012, a candidate for the Texas  House of Representatives or the Texas Senate must be a resident of the district the candidate seeks to represent from April 9, 2012 until the date of the 2012 General Election.

Procedures for Filing

In order to become a candidate with a major political party, one must file an application with the county or state party chair, and pay a filing fee.  Id. §§ 172.022, 172.024.  A candidate also has the option of filing a petition in lieu of the filing fee.  Id. § 172.025.  (Application and petition forms are available through your local party officials or the secretary of state.)

Texas Democratic Party Texas Republican Party
4818 East Ben White Blvd., Suite 104
Austin, TX 78741
(512) 478-9800
1108 Lavaca St., Suite 500
Austin, Texas 78701
(512) 477-9821

Financial Disclosure Requirements

Under Title 15 of the Election Code, candidates must file campaign contribution and expenditure reports.  For further information and all questions about such disclosure filings, campaign finance, and political advertising, please contact the Texas Ethics Commission at 201 E. 14th, 10th Floor, Austin, Texas 78701 or call 512-463-5800. Candidates filing for federal offices should contact the Federal Elections Commission toll-free at 1-800-424-9530.